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ICC 2014

The International Carbon Conference - a network conference in Iceland, August 25-29

The International Carbon Conference will be held in Reykjavík, Iceland from August 25-29 2014. The conference is a joint outreach meeting between five European and Scandinavian networks:

The event is for invited guests and network partners only. All participants should have received an email stating which activities they registered for during the ICC meeting. 

For more information, please contact us.

Photos

Conference Material

The Abstract volume can be accessed here: icc2014.pdf   

Field Trip

Field trip to Thórsmörk, 27-29th of August 2014

We will leave for the field trip in the evening of Aug 27, spend two nights in Thorsmork by Eyjafjallajokull volcano.While staying there we will visit Seljalandsfoss, Eyjafjallajokull volcano and hike around Thorsmork Natural Reserve. On our way back to Iceland we will visit the Golden Circle (Gullfoss and Geysir), Thingvellir and Nesjavellir. Arrival in Reykjavík will be around 19:00 in the evening of Friday Aug 29.

Please download the Field Guide for detailed information on the field trip.

Itinerary (preliminary)

Wednesday 27th of August

17:15 Busses leave from the University of Iceland and head towards Thórsmörk with a short stop at Seljalandsfoss waterfall

~21:00 Busses arrive at the mountain huts at Básar in Thórsmörk for late dinner

Thursday 28th of August

08:00 Breakfast

09:00 Departure

Participants can choose between a hike and a sight-seeing tour by bus.

If weather allows hikers will hike up to the flank eruption site at Fimmvörduháls and follow the Hvanná River down the Hvannárgil Valley on the way back to take a look at the travertines precipitated from the river during the Eyjafjallajökull eruption. The hike demands some effort and endurance and requires some hiking experience.  The total distance of the route is about 12 km and the total ascend about 700-800 m.

The sight-seeing tour will take place in the vicinity of Eyjafjallajökull. The stops will include Stakkholtsgjá Canyon and Skógarfoss Waterfall.  The trip involves some short and easy hikes.

19:00 Barbeque and various entertainment

Friday 29th of August

08:00 Breakfast

09:00 Busses leave

12:00 Lunch at Hotel Rangá

The Golden Circle; Gullfoss waterfall, Geysir geothermal area and Thingvellir National Park, will be visited on the way back to Reykjavík.

19:00 Arrival in Reykjavík

Thórsmörk

Map of Thorsmörk and surroundings.

Thórsmörk (Þórsmörk) is situated about 150 km south-east of Reykjavík. It is is one of the most beloved natural attractions in Iceland and highly popular for hiking.

Thórsmörk, which literally means “the Woods of Thor”, the Nordic God of Thunder, is situated at the edge of the southern highlands.  The name properly refers only to a mountain ridge located between the rivers Krossá, Þröngá and Markarfljót but is most commonly used to describe the area between Thórsmörk and Eyjafjallajökull.

Thórsmörk is characterized by wide, inland valleys surrounded by glaciers, rugged mountains and unbridged waters.  The area offers a wide vegetation of moss, fern, birchwood, and other small shrubs. The mountains surrounding Thórsmörk are mostly made of hyaloclastites; glassy basaltic formations formed during volcanic eruptions under the ice sheet during glaciation, which are highly eroded by rivers and glaciers and cut with small valleys, gullies and dells. Three glaciers surround Thórsmörk and shelter it from harsh weather; Tindfjallajökull in the northwest, Mýrdalsjökull in the east and the famous Eyjafjallajökull in the south. Glacial rivers and streams are common in the area. The largest one, Krossá River, is a rather unpredictable and fast streaming glacial river that winds between the mountains.

The accommodation for the field trip is at Básar Mountain Huts in Goðaland (“Land of the Gods”). Further information about the accommodation at the mountain huts can be found here.

Eyjafjallajökull Eruption 2010

Tourists viewing the Fimmvörduháls eruption on 1 April. Photo: Ólafur Sigurjónsson, from Karlsdóttir S., et al. 2012.

On the 20th of March 2010, after 18 years of deformation and earthquake activity, an effusive flank eruption began at the Fimmvörðuháls mountain pass, a 2 km wide ice-free strip of land between the two glaciers Eyjafjallajökull and Mýrdalsjökull ice caps. The Fimmvörðuháls eruption was a typical basaltic fissure eruption. The alkali olivine basalt magma has a relatively high temperature and density. It was a relatively small, basaltic eruption along a short eruptive fissure that produced 20 million m3 of lava covering 1.3 km2, with miniscule amounts of tephra. The amount of airborne tephra particles deposited outside of the craters is considered to have been less than 0.1 million m3. The eruption lasted until the 12th of April 2010.

The eruption in Eyjafjallajökull on 11 May 2010, seen from the northwest. In the foreground is the floodplain swept by jökulhlaups in the first two days of the eruption. Photo: Magnús Tumi Guðmundsson, from Karlsdóttir S., et al. 2012.

Only a day and a half passed between the ending of the Fimmvörðuháls eruption and the onset of the summit eruption in the early morning of 14 April. It was preceded by an intense earthquake swarm and began as a brief sub-glacial eruption, followed by an explosive, ash producing eruption that carried on continuously, although at a varying intensities, for 39 days.  The total mass erupted is estimated to be 4.7±1.2*1011 kg and the bulk tephra volume was about 0.27 km3. Major element analysis showed that the magma erupting from the summit was of trachyandesitic (benmoreitic) type.

The main local hazard during the first two days was from flooding, as volcanically generated jökulhlaups were repeatedly flooding from the crater area and down the Gígjökull outlet glacier valley at the northern side of Eyjafjallajökull.  The sustained nature of the volcanic activity and persistent wind patterns resulted in a larger effect on aviation than any of the previous eruptions in Iceland.

Reference: Karlsdóttir,S., et al. 2012. The 2010 Eyjafjallajökull eruption, Iceland. International Volcanic Ash Task Force IVATF/4-IP/2. The complete report is available at:  http://www.vedur.is/media/ICAOreport\_web.pdf

The following equipment is needed for the field trip:

Clothing:

  • Hiking boots - good sturdy boots with a robust sole. Preferably waterproof.
  • Rain and windproof outer wear (jacket and trousers) - preferably breathable fabric such as Gore Tex or similar
  • Warm mid layer - Fleece jacket/wool jumper/primaloft or similar
  • Wool and fleece for inner wear - long sleeve top and long johns. Thermal underwear made of wool or synthetics. NO COTTON, silk is OK.
  • Gloves and/or mittens
  • Warm hat - wool or synthetics
  • Thick socks, several pairs – for hiking, as well as comfy socks for the evening in the hut.
  • Slippers for the hut (optional)

Gear:

  • Sleeping bag, essential - Light sleeping bag with no specific temperature rating will be sufficient and a travel pillow (optional)
  • Small backpack for food, drinks and personal belongings for the daytrip
  • Flash light/head light
  • Sunscreen
  • Sunglasses
  • Water flask
  • Towel
  • Ear plugs (optional, but could come in handy when sleeping in a room with several others)
  • Hiking poles (optional)
  • Cash for the optional shower - gas heated shower 400 ISK, bring coins for the automat

Luggage:

Please bring your luggage for the week in two smaller bags since there isn’t enough space to store regular suitcases for about 100 people in the hut. One can be left in Reykjavík and stored in a storage room at the University during the field trip. Travel sacks/duffel bags are preferred for the field trip. Laptops should preferably be left in Reykjavík.

Greining brennisteinsvetnis (H2S)
og súrefnis (O2) í jarðhitavökva,
ásamt kvörðun á sýrustigsmælum (pH). Gretar Ívarsson.
 greining_a_brennisteinsvetnis.pdf
Goldschmidt 2010, Knoxville, Tennessee, June 13-18, 2010
 gislason_and_alfredsson.267-272_elemv6n4_2.pdf
Intrusion triggering of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull
Characterization of Eyjafjallajökull volcanic ash
particles and a protocol for rapid risk assessment
 gislason_et_al._2011_pnas.pdf
Supporting Information. Gíslason..
Nature - Under the Volcano
 nature_cover_2010118.pdf

Field Course

A short field course will be held for the students participating in the International Carbon Conference, Reykjavik Iceland. The main emphasis will be on sampling of natural fluids.

The field course will take place on Monday the 25th of August. A detailed plan will be available in the weeks before the conference. The field course will take place in the vicinity of the geothermal area in Hellisheidi and a preliminary program for the course includes:

  1. The CarbFix CO2 injection site at Hellisheidi, Iceland. Sampling of one of the monitoring wells of the CarbFix project and introduction to the closed chamber method for measurements of diffuse CO2 flux
  2. Sampling of a two phase high temperature geothermal well in the vicinity of the  Hellisheidi Geothermal Powerplant
  3. A geothermal field in Hellisheidi, characterised with surface manifestations (e.g. mud pots, fumaroles and hot springs)

The purpose and learning outcomes aim to provide insight and basic understanding in sampling low temperature and high temperature geothermal well fluids, the latter one consisting of steam and water as well as sampling of surface geothermal fluids.

Equipment list:

  • Waterproof jacket and trousers
  • Warm clothes (preferably wool/fleece, no cotton or jeans)
  • Hiking boots
  • Warm socks, hat, gloves
  • Swimsuit and a towel

Note: The weather in Iceland is very unpredictable and can be anything from ~0 to 15 °C. It is often windy and sometimes rainy. We will go sampling regardless of the weather. Remember that we are in 64 °N.

Also: Be conservative when packing the field course since there is limited space in the cars. Use a backpack – not a suitcase.

Network Meetings

Network steering group meetings will be held at the Radisson Blu Saga Hotel on Monday August 25th. 

The meetings are scheduled accordingly:

  • 8:00-10:00 - CarbFix
  • 10:00-12:00 - MINSC
  • 13:00-15:00 - MetTrans
  • 15:00-17:00 - CO2-React

NORDICCS will have a Strategy Day from 09:00 to 12:00 and a Steering Group Meeting from 13:00-16:00.

ICC Program

A preliminary program is given below. Presentations are 45 minutes long and are given by invited speakers.

We encourage conference participants to submit an abstract for poster presentation

(see Abstract tab for more information).

Tuesday, August 26th

  • Dr. Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, President of Iceland will open the conference.
  • Wallace S. Broecker, Professor, Earth Institute, Columbia University, New York, USA.  – The global carbon cycle, climate change and what we can do about it.
  • Andy Purvis, Global CCS Institute's General Manager for Europe, Africa and the Middle East Brussels, Belgium. – The state and future of carbon capture and storage.
  • Jeroen Schuppers, Deputy Head of Unit, Advanced Energy Production, Brussels, Belgium. – EU funding policy for carbon capture and storage.
  • Nils A. Røkke, Climate Technology Director at SINTEF, Trondheim-Norway. – On the status of ZEP/EERA/EU/NORDICCS carbon capture and storage activities.
  • Nils Eldrup, Assistant Professor, Tel-Tek, Norway. – Nordic CCS Roadmap. A vision for Carbon capture and Storage towards 2050.
  • Pete McGrail, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, Washington, USA. – Injection and Early Monitoring Results at the Wallula Basalt Pilot Project.

Wednesday, August 27th

  • Sigurdur Gislason, Research Professor, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland. – Solubility and mineral storage of CO2 in basalt: The CarbFix project.
  • Susan Stipp, Professor, University of Copenhagen,Denmark. – Nanoscale properties and field scale behavior.
  • Kevin Burton, Professor, Durham, UK. – Isotopes and carbon storage in minerals.
  • Jordi Bruno, CEO of Amphos21, Barcelona, Spain - Modelling carbon storage and metal mobility.
  • Don Porcelli, Lecturer, University of Oxford, UK. – Climate change, isotopes and mobility of metals in Arctic surface waters.
  • Liane Benning, Professor, University of Leeds, UK. – The role of subsurface microbial processes in carbon cycling.
  • Eric Oelkers, Director/Professor, CNRS Toulouse, France/University College London,UK. - The role of river suspended material in the global carbon cycle.

Event at a Glance

Agenda for the meeting at a glance is:

 

Monday Aug 25th:

  • Network meetings
  • Student Training Course at Hellisheidi geothermal area for network fellows
  • Ice breaker at Hellisheidi geothermal power plant in the evening

Tuesday Aug 26th:

  • The International Carbon Conference
  • Conference dinner in the evening

Wednesday Aug 27th:

  • The International Carbon Conference
  • Leave for a field trip to S-Iceland (Visit e.g. the CarbFix injection site, Eyjafjallajökull volcano, Thorsmork and the Golden Circle – see more information below). The sleeping hut in Thorsmork only accommodates 80 people and these spaces will be given out on a first come, first served. It is also possible to sleep in tents in Thorsmork.

Thursday Aug 28th:

  • Field trip to S-Iceland

Friday Aug 29th:

  • Field trip to S-Iceland
  • Arrival in Reykjavík around 19:00 in the evening